UV-B induced differential effect on growth and nitrogen metabolism in two cyanobacteria under copper toxicity
Corresponding Author(s) : S. M. Prasad
Cellular and Molecular Biology,
Vol. 58 No. 1: Frontiers in biological sciences issue
In the present study, impact of low (UV-BL: 0.1 µmol m–2 s–1) and high (UV-BH: 1.0 µmol m–2 s–1) fluence rates of ultraviolet-B on growth and nitrogen metabolism in two cyanobacteria: Phormidium foveolarum and Nostoc muscorum under copper toxicity (2 and 5 µM) was investigated after 24 and 72 h of experiments. Copper and UV-BH treatment suppressed growth but more in N. muscorum which was accompanied by significant accumulation of Cu. Nitrate and nitrite uptake rates and activities of nitrogen assimilating enzymes i.e. nitrate reductase (NR), nitrite reductase (NiR), glutamine synthetase (GS) and glutamate synthase (GOGAT) except glutamate dehydrogenase activity (GDH; aminating) were decreased following treatments of Cu and UV-BH, and under combined treatments the effect was greater. On contrary, UV-BL declined Cu toxicity significantly. The study concludes that Cu and UV-BH suppressed the activity of NR, NiR, GS and GOGAT (except GDH) hence decreased growth. However, UV-BL showed cross tolerance in test organisms against Cu toxicity up to certain extent. Phormidium foveolarum is comparatively less sensitive against UV-BH and excess Cu, a situation likely exists in nature, hence it may be used as a biofertilizer for sustainable agriculture.
Copper toxicity Cyanobacteria Growth High UV-B fluence rate Low UV-B fluence rate Nitrogen metabolism.
Singh, V. P., Srivastava, P. K., & Prasad, S. M. (2012). UV-B induced differential effect on growth and nitrogen metabolism in two cyanobacteria under copper toxicity. Cellular and Molecular Biology, 58(1), 85–95. Retrieved from https://cellmolbiol.org/index.php/CMB/article/view/582
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