Detection of Immunoglobulin IGH Gene Rearrangements on Formalin-Fixed, Paraffin Embedded Tissue in Lymphoid Malignancies
Corresponding Author(s) : E. Sakhinia
Cellular and Molecular Biology,
Vol. 60 No. 4: Issues 4
Human lymphomas are aggressive malignant diseases, which can be categorized based on their B and T cell lineage. B-cell lymphomas form around 90% of the total lymphoma cases, the remnants of malignancies arise from the T cell branch. Lymphomas are mostly characterized as clonal proliferations of specific tumor cells. The detection of malignant lymphomas are extensively investigated by their morphological features, immunohistochemistry and flowcytometric immunophenotyping, but in some of cases remained unknown. The BIOMED-2 protocols were used to determine the clonality of IGH gene rearrangements in patients with lymphoma. PCR amplification was performed on FFPE of 50 patients with B-cell lymphoma, which consisted of 11 cases with HLs, 25 cases of B-NHLs and 14 cases of B-LPD (lymphoproliferative disorders) that diagnosed as unclassifiable lymphoma. The rate of positive clonality was detected in 96% (24/25) of B-NHLs, whereas in 4% (1/25) of cases clonality was showed in a polyclonal pattern. In B-HLs, 82% (9/11) of cases showed clonality and 18% (2/11) of the cases showed polyclonality. The rate of positive clonality observed in 64.3% (9/14) of cases with B-LPD and 35.7% (5/14) of cases clonality was not detected in any of immunoglobulin gene family (FR1Ùˆ FR2Ùˆ FR3). In groups with DLBCL, clonality was detected in 95% (19/20) of the cases. In patients diagnosed with FL and MALTs 100% cases showed clonality for complete IGH. Our study revealed that EuroClonality BIOMED-2 protocols could be considered as a valuable and reliable method for clonality detection, especially in IGH analysis.
BIOMED-2 Clonality DLBCL HL IGH LPD NHL.
Moharrami, G., Ghorbian, S., Seifi, M., Estiar, M. A., Fakhrjoo, A., Sakhinia, M., & Sakhinia, E. (2014). Detection of Immunoglobulin IGH Gene Rearrangements on Formalin-Fixed, Paraffin Embedded Tissue in Lymphoid Malignancies. Cellular and Molecular Biology, 60(4), 43–47. Retrieved from https://cellmolbiol.org/index.php/CMB/article/view/518
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