Copyright (c) 2023 Bushra A. Hamdi, Zahra A. Amin, Abdul Muhaemn Y. Shareef, Hazem A. Al-Bustany
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.The undersigned hereby assign all rights, included but not limited to copyright, for this manuscript to CMB Association upon its submission for consideration to publication on Cellular and Molecular Biology. The rights assigned include, but are not limited to, the sole and exclusive rights to license, sell, subsequently assign, derive, distribute, display and reproduce this manuscript, in whole or in part, in any format, electronic or otherwise, including those in existence at the time this agreement was signed. The authors hereby warrant that they have not granted or assigned, and shall not grant or assign, the aforementioned rights to any other person, firm, organization, or other entity. All rights are automatically restored to authors if this manuscript is not accepted for publication.
Diclofenac sodium and dexamethasone co-therapy restores brain neuron-specific enolase (NSE), S-100 Beta and glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP) proteins in experimental rat’s model: A possible inhibition of P-glycoprotein
Corresponding Author(s) : Bushra A. Hamdi
Cellular and Molecular Biology,
Vol. 69 No. 9: Issue 9
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs decrease pain and fever while corticosteroids regulate inflammation and immune response, both are prescribed to reduce inflammation and control pain. The present study aimed to study the effects of their monotherapy and co-administration on the brain tissue structure of experimental rats. P-glycoprotein (PGP), a transporter membrane protein, plays an important role in various physiological and physio-pathological conditions, drug-drug and drug-food interactions, and multi-drug resistance. Male rats were divided into four groups and received normal saline, dexamethasone, diclofenac sodium and their dual therapy respectively, then after one-month rats were sacrificed and brain tissues proceeded for hematoxylin and eosin staining to study their histopathology and immunohistochemically staining of NSE, S100-B and GFAP biomarkers were performed. Additionally, in silico molecular docking studies were conducted to elucidate interactions between PGP and used compounds. Resultsshowed that dexamethasone or diclofenac sodium treatments showed abnormalities like edema, neuronal vacuoles, astrocytes hyperplasia and microglial cells with positive reaction to NSE, S100 and GFAP antibodies while the dual therapy displayed less edema and other signs of damage with negative and weak positive staining of NSE, S100 and GFAP antibodies respectively. The molecular docking showed that there were different affinities toward the involved PGP active site. These interaction results were great with Dexamethasone -9.6 kcal/mol forming hydrophobic interactions with the highest affinity when compared with Diclofenac sodium which gave -8.4 kcal/mol. In conclusion, the side effects of the two types of anti-inflammatory drugs may be minimized through their interactions. However, Molecular Dynamic Simulations studies are required to explain the exact dynamic behaviors and protein-ligand stability.
Download CitationEndnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS)