Current Status of the Therapeutic Approach for Dysmenorrhea
Corresponding Author(s) : Gerardo Leyva-Gómez
Cellular and Molecular Biology,
Vol. 69 No. 3: Issue 3
Dysmenorrhea is the combination of cramps and pain associated with the menstrual period, and the symptoms affect at least 30% of women worldwide. Tolerance to symptoms depends on each person's pain threshold; however, dysmenorrhea seriously affects daily activities and chronically reduces the quality of life. Some dysmenorrhea cases even require hospitalization due to unbearable symptoms of severe pain. Dysmenorrhea is an underestimated affectation and remains even in different first-world countries as a taboo subject, promoted by the establishment of an apparent policy of gender equality. A person with primary or secondary dysmenorrhea requires medical assistance in choosing the best treatment and an integral approach. This review intends to demonstrate the impact of dysmenorrhea on quality of life. We describe the pathophysiology of this disorder from a molecular point of view and perform a comprehensive compilation and analysis of the most critical findings in the therapeutic management of dysmenorrhea. Likewise, we propose an interdisciplinary approach to the phenomenon of dysmenorrhea at the cellular level in a concise way and the botanical, pharmacological, and medical applications for its management. Since dysmenorrhea symptoms can vary between individuals, medical treatment cannot be generalized and depends on each patient. Therefore, we hypothesized that a suitable strategy could result from the combination of pharmacological therapy aided by a non-pharmacological approach.
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