The discovery of the natural compound Boeravinone-C as a potential antiobesity drug candidate targeting pancreatic lipase using chemo-informatics-based approaches
Corresponding Author(s) : Aziz Unnisa
Cellular and Molecular Biology,
Vol. 69 No. 7: Issue 7
Obesity is a metabolic disorder distinguished by excess fat deposition in fatty tissues. Pancreatic lipase is one of the promising drug targets for treating obesity due to its critical role in the hydrolysis of triglycerides into mono-glycerides and free fatty acids. Due to unsatisfactory results and severe side effects of the current drugs available for treating obesity, there is an urgent need to identify novel therapeutic options. Boerhaavia diffusa is one of the widely known species of flowering plant commonly known as Punamava. Extracts from Punamava plants have been widely used in treating countless ailments in traditional medicine. Recently, multiple reports demonstrated the potential antiobesity activity of B. diffusa plant extracts. In this scenario, we have evaluated numerous reported B. diffusa against pancreatic lipase drug targets to identify which reported phytochemicals to have the most promising potential to act as an inhibitor for pancreatic lipase using computational approaches. All the twenty-four phytochemicals from Boerhaavia diffusa were identified as significantly strong binders with a range of binding energies between -6.0 to -8.0 Kcal/mol inside the pancreatic lipase active binding site. On the other hand, we calculated 2D Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (QSAR) molecular descriptor properties adhered to Lipinski's rule of five. Between twenty-four phytochemicals evaluated, Boeravinone-C, with a range binding energy of -8.0 Kcal/mol, was discovered as the best lead-like molecule, compared to marketed Orlistat, which has shown -5.6 Kcal/mol of binding energy. Conclusively, Boeravinone-C from B. diffusa extract showed promising inhibitory potential against pancreatic lipase worth further evaluation.
Download CitationEndnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS)