Achillea spp.: A comprehensive review on its ethnobotany, phytochemistry, phytopharmacology and industrial applications

Bahare Salehi, Zeliha Selamoglu, Mustafa Sevindik, Nouran M. Fahmy, Eman Al-Sayed, Mohamed El-Shazly, Boglárka Csupor-Löffler, Dezső Csupor, Simin Emamzadeh Yazdi, Javad Sharifi-Rad, Dılhun Keriman Arserim-Uçar, Ender Hikmet Arserim, Natallia Karazhan, Ali Jahani, Abhijit Dey, Hamed Azadi, Somayeh Afsah Vakili, Farukh Sharopov, Natália Martins, Dietrich Büsselberg


The genus Achillea genus houses more than 100 species, a number of them are popularly used in traditional medicine for spasmodic gastrointestinal, gynecological and hepatobiliary disorders, hemorrhages, pneumonia, rheumatic pain, inflammation, wounds healing etc. Members of the genus contain a wide variety of volatile and non-volatile secondary metabolites, including terpenes, polyphenols, flavonoids and others. Multiple studies have assessed the biological effects and other aspects of Achillea spp. In a number of preclinical studies, Achillea plants and their essential oils have demonstrated promising antibacterial properties against a number of human and plant pathogens. Besides, the plants have displayed strong antioxidative and potent anti-proliferative and anticancer properties in various cellular and animal models. Achillea plants have widely been used as food preservative in food industry. Clinical studies have indicated its potential against multiple sclerosis (MS), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), ulcerative colitis, episiotomy wound, primary dysmenorrhea, oral mucositis etc. The present work focuses to provide a brief overview on folk knowledge, phytochemistry, biological activity and applications of Achillea plants. There is a close relationship between the traditional ethnobotanical usage and pharmacological and clinical data from different Achillea spp. The application of Achillea plants and their extracts seems to be a promising alternative for antimicrobial and antioxidant purposes in food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries.


Achillea plants; Achillea millefolium; Biological activity; Bacterial; Food preservatives; Phytopathogens; Antioxidant; Cytotoxicity.

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