Effect of HIF-1αsiRNA-linked AuNRs on radiotherapy of nasopharyngeal carcinoma


Gang Xu, Haosheng Zhang, Zhibin Li, Shihai Wu, Rencui Quan, Kun Mao, Yang Sheng, Xianming Li

Abstract


The radiation sensitivity of tumor cells is closely related to tumor cell hypoxia. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is considered a key transcription factor which regulates the sensitivity of hypoxic tumor cells to radiotherapy. On the other hand, some studies have shown that gold nanomaterials improve radiation sensitivity. However, studies on the effect of gold nanomaterials carrying HIF-1αsiRNA on tumor radiotherapy, and the underlying mechanisms are limited. Thus, the present study was aimed at investigating the effect of gold nanocomposites (AuNRs) carrying HIF-1αsiRNA (AuNRs-HIF-1αsiRNA) on the radiation sensitivity of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) hypoxia cells. The effect of AuNRs-HIF-1αsiRNA on radiation sensitivity of hypoxic NPC cells was determined under X-ray irradiation. The results showed that Au-HIF-1αsiRNA improved the radio-sensitivity of NPC tumor. Thus, this study has demonstrated that gold nanomaterials carrying HIF-1αsiRNA effectively increased the radio-sensitivity of hypoxic tumor, thereby improving the effect of radiotherapy on NPC cells.


Keywords


uNRs; HIF-1α; siRNA; Radiotherapy; Sensitivity; NPC; Hypoxias.

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