In Vitro evaluation of thymoquinone on apoptosis and oxidative DNA damage in high glucose condition

Ali Furkan Gümüş, Semiha Dede, Veysel Yuksek, Sedat Çetin, Mehmet Taşpınar


The study was planned to investigate the effects of thymoquinone (TQ), which is a compound in N. sativa, on caspase dependent apoptosis and oxidative DNA damage in high glucose treated PC12 cells. PC12 cells were treated with high glucose (G1-150 mM, G2-250 mM, G3-350 mM), TQ (20 µM), and their combinations. Oxidative DNA damage (8-OHdG (8-Oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine)), and apoptosis (caspase 3, caspase 8, caspase 9 enzymes and M30 protein) parameters were analyzed with ELISA. The 8-OHdG levels decreased in all combination groups compared to the control (p≤0.001). There was no statistically significant difference between caspase 3 and 9. Caspase 8 in TQ, G3, TQG1, TQG2 groups were higher than the control (p≤0.002). Low M30 levels were observed in TQG1 group (p≤0.002). In conclusion, it was observed that in PC12 cell line treated with the high glucose concentrations, TQ administration had a statistically significant effect on oxidative DNA damage and some apoptotic parameters (caspase 8 and M30 protein).


Caspases; DNA damage; High glucose; In vitro; Thymoquinone.

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