Oxidative stress as a signal to up-regulate gamma-cystathionase in the fetal-to-neonatal transition in rats
Corresponding Author(s) : J. Sastre
Cellular and Molecular Biology,
Vol. 53 No. 6: General Papers
Hepatic gamma-cystathionase, a rate-limiting enzyme for the synthesis of L-cysteine from L-methionine in the trans-sulphuration pathway, exhibits significantly higher activity in the newly born infant as compared to the fetus. The aim of this work was: 1) To determine whether the increase in gamma-cystathionase activity occurring in the fetal-to-neonatal transition is due to up-regulation of its mRNA and protein, 2) To elucidate the mechanisms responsible for this increase in gamma-cystathionase activity. Our results show that expression of gamma-cystathionase at both the mRNA and protein levels was higher in newborn than in fetal liver. gamma-Cystathionase activity in fetal hepatocytes in vitro increased when incubated with tert-butyl-hydroperoxide at low concentration (0.01 mM). Hence, moderate oxidative stress would act as a signal to up-regulate gamma-cystathionase in the fetal to neonatal transition. Stress hormones, such as phenylephrine or glucagon also increased gamma-cystathionase activity in fetal hepatocytes. We also report a competitive inhibition of purified gamma-cystathionase by L-cysteine, which would help to maintain physiological low L-cysteine levels in hepatocytes. In conclusion, our results show that increased hepatic gamma-cystathionase activity in the fetal-to-neonatal transition is due to up-regulation of its gene expression mediated by stress hormones together with the physiological oxidative stress that occurs at birth.
Glutathione L-cysteine tert-butylhydroperoxide phenylephrine glucagon cAMP oxidative stress fetal-toneonatal transition.
Martín, J., Pereda, J., Martínez-López, I., Escrig, R., Miralles, V., Pallardó, F., Viña, J. R., Vento, M., Viña, J., & Sastre, J. (2007). Oxidative stress as a signal to up-regulate gamma-cystathionase in the fetal-to-neonatal transition in rats. Cellular and Molecular Biology, 53(6), 1010–1017. Retrieved from https://cellmolbiol.org/index.php/CMB/article/view/1874
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